Travel / Turkey

Arsemia, Turkey

Arsemia was the summer capital of the Commagene Kingdom built by King Antiochus I Theos Dikaios Epiphanes Philoromaios Philhellen of Commagene  in honor of his father King Mithridates I Callinicus.  Its mountain location soon became a military stronghold and the site of a mausoleum and religious center.

In the valley below is a tributary of the Euphrates:

Arsemia

Arsemia

What gets the archaeologists in a lather is this section below – the first of which is a dexiosis (essentially an elaborate hand-shaking) relief depicting a meeting between King Mithradates and Hercules, carved in about 50 B.C.

Arsemia

Below this relief is the largest rock inscription in Anatolia. It tells of the political intentions and the religious beliefs of the Commagene Kingdom, that Arsemia was its capital and that Mithridates, the father of Antioches I, was buried there.

Arsemia

Just below this inscription is a large opening that descends by a stone stairway to a depth of 158 meters.

Arsemia

Farther up the mountain are good views…

Arsemia

…And ruins of the settlement scattered around – including the foundations and mosaic floors of the Arsemia Palace:

Arsemia

Arsemia

Perhaps a mile or so away from the area shown above is this bridge shown below. Although you can’t see it in this picture, high above the canyon behind this bridge are the remains of the ancient fortress of Arsemia. Its walls and parapets are still in good condition which is all the more remarkable given their precarious perch on the cliffs:

Arsemia

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2 thoughts on “Arsemia, Turkey

  1. Thanks for the history and oictures … but why does the handshake between King Mithradates and Hercules get the achaeologists in a lather ?
    Ed

  2. Hi Ed -

    Apparently the handshake relief is quite rare and is quite well-preserved. However, the “lather” comment also referred to the “largest rock inscription in Anatolia” part that details Commagene, Arsemia, Mithridates, Antioches I, etc.

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